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Background and Context

 The Teacher is a prime mover in the Agenda 2063 quest for an education and skills revolution for achieving an integrated, peaceful and prosperous Africa. This aspiration is unpacked in the Continental Education Strategy for Africa (CESA 16-25) which has Teacher Development as the first of its Strategic Objectives. CESA was adopted by the AU Summit in January 2016 as a strategy for ensuring that Education adequately contributes to the attainment of the people-centred African Vision of Agenda 2063. It is a domestication of the Global Education 2030 program and is therefore the African Response to SDG 4.

Background and Context

Education and training remain among the bedrock of tools for human empowerment inclusive prosperity and progressive development. However, this powerful agency of education does not happen by chance. It has to be planned and strategized through adoption of innovation in education. Current demographic trends in Africa have seen expansion of education systems without necessarily having the concurrent enhancement of productivity and efficiency particularly with regards to improved outcomes in quality and equity in learning opportunities.

The Nyerere Program is an umbrella for implementing scholarship and mobility initiatives including the Basic Nyerere Scholarship as well as other initiatives such as the Intra-ACP academic mobility scheme (or Extended Nyerere) within the framework Africa-Europe collaboration; and the Africa-India Fellowship Program under the Africa-India strategic partnership. The Program is still open for new partnerships and development of innovative scholarship and academic mobility and collaborative schemes.

Africa has diverse systems of higher education. This diversity limits recognition of university degrees and certificates, thereby restricting the mobility of students across Africa and hindering African academic integration. The African Union therefore developed a framework for harmonisation of higher education in Africa to facilitate the mutual recognition of academic qualifications. The Harmonization Strategy was endorsed by the third Conference of Ministers of Education of the African Union (COMEDAF III), in 2007.